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Iraq’s air force being rebuilt from the ground up

ALI BASE, Iraq Aug 19, 2005 (AFP) –  Iraq’s new air force is being rebuilt from the ground up at this sprawling desert base outside Nasiriyah, once Saddam Hussein’s center of air operations against Iran during the 1980-1988 war.

Now the site, 375 kilometers (235 miles) southeast of Baghdad, is home to Air Force Squadron 23 and its three C-130 Hercules transport planes.

The US-donated planes are the backbone of Iraq’s new air force, which also includes a dozen light reconnaissance planes and another dozen helicopters spread across the country. Officials are vague on numbers for security reasons.

Currently, 109 Iraqi students — all air force veterans with years of experience — are learning how to maintain and fly the Hercules fleet. The youngest trainee is 30. Others appear twice that age.

Gone are the days of Saddam’s air armada of 500 warplanes, which included Russian Mig 21 and Mig 25 fighters, Sukhoi fighter-bombers and French Mirage interceptors.

Somewhat bizarrely, most of Saddam’s planes were flown to Iran during the 1991 Gulf War to prevent them from being destroyed in US bombing raids.

Unsurprisingly those aircraft were not returned by the time Iraq’s next conflict rolled around and any valuable surviving planes were buried in the desert.

MiG-25 Foxbat buried in the Iraqi desert. Photo Master Sgt. T. Collins, U.S. Air Force.

Just days after the US-led invasion began in March 2003 “we removed the engines and the wings of six Mig 25s and buried them in the desert,” said an Iraqi air force veteran, now a captain in the new force.

“It was crazy, but nobody dared contradict Saddam. He thought the war would last just a few months.”

Facing death threats and attacks on their families by anti-government insurgents, the Iraqi officers and airmen agreed to speak only on condition of anonymity.

With no aircraft left, the main asset available as the foundation of a new post-Saddam air force was the expertise of these veterans.

In January 2005, the three Hercules arrived and US and British officials began offering training and advice to help rebuild the new air force.

The first class of Hercules operators took lessons in Jordan in late 2004 before starting courses at Ali base in January. They are expected to complete their training in January 2006.

A second group also went to Jordan and are expected to finish in May or June 2006.

Iraqi Air Force personnel learn to fly US Hecules transport planes

“Everyone here loves his country and would be happy to see his country stand proudly again,” said one Iraqi warrant officer, a gray-haired veteran with 18 years’ experience.

The C-130 has a crew of five — a pilot, co-pilot, flight engineer, navigator and a load master.

The three planes need at least 53 ground personnel to make sure they are properly maintained — everything from engine upkeep to checking for cracks in the fuselage to making sure the straps that hold the cargo are not frayed.

The ground crew being trained got their experience maintaining Russian-made transport planes from Saddam’s air force.

One Iraqi warrant officer with 23 years’ experience gazed wistfully at a private Ilyushin Il-76 plane taxiing down the Ali base’s runway, as he took a break from checking hydraulics on the Hercules.

“It’s my love,” he sighed, then launched into a description of the Russian plane, which carries three times the amount of cargo of a Hercules. “And it has only one type of hydraulic fluid, not three,” he said.

The officer said he was aboard one of the 20 Il-76s that Saddam ordered flown to neighboring Iran in 1991.

The Iranians held him and the other flight crews for a month, then kicked them out and refused to give the planes back, he said.

The US instructors want the trainees to eventually teach what they learned to a new crop of Iraqi airmen and pilots.

“We’re trying to get them to train people,” said US Air Force Major Jed McCrae, head of the maintenance training program. “Come next summer we plan to be gone and have them sustain themselves.”

But in order to be ultimately successful, “they’re going to have to get some young people in,” McCrae said.

LOAD-DATE: August 19, 2005

About Carlos Hamann

Washington D.C.-based writer and editor


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